C++ and Python – Amazing Similarities & Major Differences

Python and C++ are one of the most useful, general-purpose programming languages used all around the globe by programmers. In this article, we’re going to discuss the similarities & differences between C++ and Python programming languages.

What is Python Programming Language?

Python programming language is a general-purpose and one of the high-level languages. It contains features like indentation, which makes the code more readable, and it also has library functions that make this language more powerful. In Python, a variable can be used directly without declaration while writing code. The main aim of developing the python language was its simplicity.

What is C++ Programming Language?

In C++, a single program needs to be compiled on every operating system the code is run. The concept of OOPs (object-oriented programming) was first introduced in the C++ programming language. C++ is also known as an object-oriented programming language.

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C++ is prone to a memory leak as it does not provide garbage collection and uses pointers to a large extent. In contrast, Python has an inbuilt garbage collection and dynamic memory allocation process that enables efficient memory management.

In C++, the developer needs to declare the data type before using it. Therefore, it is less ambiguous regarding what the codes do, and error handling becomes more accessible than in Python.

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C++ and Python – Similarities & Key Differences

While programming in Python, a user doesn’t need to mention the data type before using it, consequently making the code’s length shorter and easier to maintain. For example, in C++, a user must declare int a=5, whereas, in Python, a=5 is sufficient.

C++, these days, is generally used for designing hardware. It is first described in C++, followed by its analysis, architecturally constrained and planned to develop a register-transfer level hardware description language.

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Python language is used as a scripting language, and at times it is also used for non-scripting purposes. Also, Python has a standalone executable application with the help of some existing tools.

C++ is also called an intermediate-level programming language. It is developed using both low-level and high-level language features. C++ also supports object-oriented functionalities like the concept of classes, operator overloading, multiple inheritances, virtual functions, exception handling etc.

Python is an object-oriented programming language. Python consists of inbuilt constructs that have the feature of executing clear code on a small and large scale. Python is known for its simplicity and ease of reading concerning code and is recognized as a high-level programming language.

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Python has numerous short-hand structural iterators & uses short-hand syntax and. Some of the short-hand syntaxes are confusing (e.g. `rewards`), but rarely is anything in Python completely esoteric.

C++ has a stiff learning curve with many predefined syntaxes and structures. Some syntax in C++ is highly esoteric.

C++ is faster than the Python programming language. Python language is written in the C programming language, so memory management is complex in Python.

In C++, we can allocate the memory to the variables and can deallocate the memory when the variable is no longer used in the code.

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Python leads to one conclusion: Python is better for beginners for its easy-to-read & write code and simple syntax. Additionally, the Python programming language is good for web development (backend), while C++ is not very popular in web development of any kind. 

Python is interpreted, whereas C++ is precompiled.

Based on the above article, it is very clear that Python is more useful and has better scope of career growth for an individual. With more than 137K libraries, Python has also various uses in the field of data analysis.

C++ and Python

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